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Posts for category: Skin Care

By Dawson Dermatology
July 20, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Eczema  

Eczema is a chronic condition in which the skin periodically breaks out in red, scaly patches that can be itchy and uncomfortable. Treatments are available that can provide relief from the symptoms of eczema, but there are also steps you can take to prevent breakouts in the first place. Dr. Kevin Dawson, Dr. Douglas Chun, and Dr. Sarah Grekin, the experienced dermatologists at Dawson Dermatology in Honolulu HI, can develop an eczema treatment and prevention plan for you.

Eczema Symptoms

There are different types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, neurodermatitis, nummular dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis. The exact cause of each type of eczema is not known, but it often runs in families.

Individuals with eczema can fluctuate between having clear skin and experiencing breakouts. When eczema flares up, the skin tends to feel itchy and dry. Additional symptoms that commonly develop during an eczema breakout include:

  • Rashes
  • Redness
  • Blistering
  • Scaliness
  • Leathery patches
  • Inflammation

Preventing Eczema Honolulu Breakouts

Although the specific cause of eczema has not been identified, several factors are known to trigger a breakout. Avoiding known triggers can help prevent eczema symptoms from flaring up. Steps that can be taken to help reduce the likelihood of experiencing an eczema breakout include:

  • Applying moisturizer to the skin regularly
  • Avoid eating foods that tend to trigger a breakout
  • Using gentle soaps, cleansers, and shampoos
  • Avoid using products containing harsh chemicals
  • Avoid wearing scratchy fabrics such as wool

The weather can sometimes trigger an eczema breakout for certain individuals. Avoiding sudden changes in air temperature or humidity can help reduce weather-related flare-ups. Stress can also contribute to an eczema breakout. Developing techniques for managing stress is another way to potentially prevent a flare-up

Eczema Honolulu Treatments

There are many actions you can take to prevent an eczema flare-up, but you may still experience a breakout from time to time. Fortunately, various treatments are available for managing eczema and its symptoms. Treatments include itch relief creams, anti-fungal creams, antihistamines, antibiotics, steroid creams, and corticosteroids. The skilled providers at our office in Honolulu can recommend an eczema treatment that is right for you.

Eczema cannot be cured, but we can help you develop a plan for preventing eczema breakouts. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Kevin Dawson, Dr. Douglas Chun, or Dr. Sarah Grekin to discuss different ways to manage your eczema by calling Dawson Dermatology in Honolulu HI at (808) 599-3780.

By Dawson Dermatology
July 10, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Acne  
Acne is one of the most common skin conditions that dermatologists treat. Recommended treatments range from over-the-counter skin products, spot treatment, and light treatment. In reality, the best remedy is prevention. Stopping breakouts before they happen keeps your skin clear and happy. Here are some guidelines to follow for perfect skin.
 
What Causes Acne?
To fully stop acne in its tracks, you need to first understand why it develops. Your skin is covered in pores, five million of them to be exact. Twenty thousand pores alone are found just on your face! Acne happens when these pores become clogged or blocked in some way. This is because there is something wrong with the gland, causing it to create too much oil. The chemistry in the gland is creating an oil that is too heavy. Realigning the chemistry and clearing the pores helps acne clear up.
 
A Dermatologist’s Guide to Preventing Acne
Though it’s easier to say and harder to follow, the best preventive tip for clear skin is keeping your face clean. Wash your face twice a day but no more than that. Doing it too often does more harm than good. Use warm water and some sort of mild facial cleanser. This removes dead skin cells and clears away excess oil. Pay attention to how hard you are scrubbing, making sure to avoid using too much pressure. 
 
Exfoliation is the name of the game. These products contain salicylic acid, which shrinks your oil glands and cleans your pores. You can buy over-the-counter exfoliation products. They are available in peel masks too. Dermatologists recommend mixing different types of products. Talk to them about recommendations or what would work best for you. 
 
If you notice more breakouts after using certain hair products, try switching to another alternative. Oils and fragrances can get on your face and clog your pores. Keeping your hair clean and oil-free will improve your acne as well. 
 
Makeup is a no-go when dealing with a breakout. You might be tempted to cover them up with foundation or concealer, but this will only make your acne worse. Always wash off your makeup when you’re done. If possible, only buy and use oil-free products. Labels that say “noncomedogenic” signify that they don’t cause acne.
 
Keep your hands to yourself. Avoid touching your face throughout the day. This is a good way to spread bacteria and irritate your pores. Avoid scratching or picking at your acne too.
 
Take the proper precautions when going out in the sun. Pay attention to the instructions on any skin products you use. Certain acne products make your skin extra sensitive to sunlight. Use sunscreen labeled as noncomedogenic to avoid acne breakouts. 
 
Follow these tips to keep your skin acne-free. If you notice that your acne is getting worse even with proper care, contact your dermatologist for an appointment. 
By Dawson Dermatology
July 06, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Skin Cancer   Tanning  

tanning

During the much longed-for summer months, people work on their tans. While enjoying a richer skin tone now, tanners take huge risks for premature aging and skin cancer. 

Sun and artificial tanning

It's what we use to get those tans. But, did you know that when you tan, you actually burn the top layer (epidermis) of your skin and damage your DNA, too?

According to Live Science, DNA damage mutates normal skin cells into cancer cells. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are the most common kinds of skin cancer. Malignant melanoma is the most deadly skin cancer as it easily metastasizes to major body organs. About one-third of melanoma cases in the US kill their sufferers annually, says The Skin Cancer Foundation.

Unfortunately, artificial tanning is just as dangerous as sitting in the sun. Intermittent sun exposure or occasional tanning in the sun or tanning beds are harmful, too. Damage to the skin is cumulative, and both kinds of ultraviolet radiation (there are UV-A and UV-B rays) breakdown your skin's DNA over time. Further, UV-B harms your skin's natural elasticity normally provided by a protein called collagen.

Don't tan: protect

To protect your skin, avoid sunburns, intentional tanning and excessive day to day sun exposure with these strategies from the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD):

  1. Cover up any exposed skin (face, arms, legs, ears) with a broad-brimmed hat, long-sleeves and other sun-protective clothing.
  2. Use sunscreen lotion--SPF 30 or higher--on all exposed skin, and re-apply every two hours or whenever you sweat it off or swim.
  3. Stay indoors or in the shade from 10 am to 2 pm.

Also, all adults, particularly those 40 or older, should see a dermatologist for an annual skin exam. Do a careful self-exam once a month at home, looking for changes in the color, size, and shape of existing spots or moles. Report changes to your skin doctor as well as any sore which does not heal in a week or so.

It's your skin

Don't sacrifice its health for a little fashionable color. Tanning really is bad for you. Find healthy ways to enjoy the summer months and that wonderful sun. Your skin and your overall health will be better for your efforts.

By Dawson Dermatology
June 12, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Skin Care Products  
Skin Care ProductsIn a world where appearance is important, everyone wants flawless skin. This is much easier said than done. For people who struggle with dry skin or acne, talking to a dermatologist is a great first step. They can help you find products that work the best for you. Here are their professional tips and tricks on what to look for when buying skin care products.
 
Understanding Your Skin Type
If you want to buy yourself the best products you’ll need to first understand the ins and outs of your skin. Identifying your skin type is the top priority, according to Dermatology experts. People with sensitive or acne-prone skin need different products than someone with oily skin. Otherwise, you increase your chances of triggering a breakout or irritating your skin. 
 
Best Products for Oily Skin
Double-check that the labels on your skincare products contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA), hyaluronic acid, or benzoyl peroxide. 
 
AHA products shrink enlarged pores, along with smoothing out wrinkles and lines. Just make sure you wear sunscreen when applying this product. You’ll want to start by only using this product every other day at a concentration of 10-15%.
 
Hyaluronic acid goes hand-in-hand with vitamin C in skin care products. Products containing these substances hydrate and rejuvenate the skin. It supplies moisture in the areas of the face that need it. For people with oily skin, these products restore firmness and wrinkles in damaged areas. 
 
Best Products for Dry Skin
Dry skin is sensitive, requiring specific products to avoid a bad reaction. Dermatologists recommend skincare tools that contain lactic acid or shea butter. Lactic acid is a kind of AHA, meaning it moisturizes your skin while it exfoliates. Moisturizing is incredibly important for dry skin. Products with lactic acid restore your skin while giving it a healthy and plump look.
 
Best Products for Sensitive Skin
Aloe vera is your best friend when you have sensitive skin. Moisturizing with products containing it provides hydration without irritation. This is because the vitamins and nutrients nourish the skin. It's an essential part of sensitive skin care. 
 
Reading the Product Label
Don’t be fooled by products that claim to be natural or organic. Certain natural substances and ingredients can do more harm than good, especially when it comes to essential oils. Instead, memorize the ingredients you know work for your skin type. This includes the materials listed above, like AHA, lactic acid, aloe vera, shea butter, etc. Look at the primary ingredients listed on the skincare product’s label. The top five items listed make up the majority of the product. You’ll want to make sure your material is there, otherwise, you should consider a different product. 
By Dawson Dermatology
May 15, 2020
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Facial Treatments  

FacialsGetting a facial can certainly feel like a luxurious, relaxing, and pampering experience but did you know that a facial could also provide your skin with some amazing health benefits? Not only does turning to a dermatologist ensure that you get quality and comprehensive care to treat everything from sun damage to acne, but also a dermatologist has the knowledge, skills, and tools to be able to provide customized facials that can target and treat common skin problems.

A facial offers the skin a variety of benefits including:

  • Deep cleaning
  • Extractions
  • Exfoliation
  • Hydration and moisturizing

A facial can also be tailored to your skin type and the concerns or dermatological issues you are worried about. A facial can be used to treat:

  • Redness and uneven skin tone
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Dry, dull and flaky skin
  • Acne-prone skin
  • Rosacea
  • Eczema
  • Sun damage
  • Enlarged pores

One facial won’t be able to address all skin issues you may have, but our dermatological team can work with you to create a customized facial and treatment plan that will be able to treat any and all problems you’re concerned about.

The products that we use during your facial will also depend on the results you’re hoping to achieve. For example, certain enzyme peels and products with glycolic acid can help to remove dead skin cells to produce fresh, radiant skin while reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. If you have questions about the different products we use and their ingredients, or if you have any allergies, it’s important to discuss this first with your skin doctor.

Getting regular facials can be a great way to keep skin looking and feeling its best, and it should be a normal part of most people’s skincare routines. Along with keeping skin clean and hydrated, facials can also target problem areas when they arise. Have questions about facials? Ask your dermatologist today.